Janet Harmon Bragg (1907-1993) was the first African American women to receive a commercial pilot's license.
Bragg described an earlier attempt to obtain a pilot's license in an interview that is featured on the Smithsonian blog The Bigger Picture. After being told that she did very well on her flight test, Bragg was denied the license because she was a black women.
Learn more about this pioneering aviator by reading Soaring Above Setbacks: The Autobiography of Janet Harmon Bragg, African American Aviator (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1996). The book includes photographs of Bragg and group portraits of members of the Challenger Air Pilots Association.